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1-877-782-7839 Glossary

Understand, Build and Manage

Your Credit whether you’re buying a home, a car or applying for a credit card – Terms are used and you may not know of its meaning so we put together a list of the most common terms out there.

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Decision Analytics
Decision Analytics, an Experian company, is one of the world's leading decision solutions and business intelligence organizations. Decision Analytics' experience in the credit industry validates it as the authority on the entire customer life cycle. Utilizing the latest data and technology, Decision Analytics develops industry solutions through such services as data mining and analysis, scoring models, market analysis, and business intelligence. The company lists more than 800 major global clients representing a broad spectrum of consumer and business-to-business entities. Decision Analytics has offices in 26 countries supporting clients in over 50 countries worldwide.

A specified sum of money that is legally owed from one to another.

Debt consolidation
The act of paying off all outstanding debt with a single loan.

Debt-to-income ratio
The ratio, expressed as a percentage, which results when a borrower's monthly payment obligation on long-term debts is divided by his or her gross monthly income.

Failure of a debtor to make loan repayments as agreed to in a loan contract.

Deliquent/Derogatory accounts
Accounts classified according to the time past due. Common classifications are 30, 60, 90 and 120 days past due. Can also include accounts that have been charged off, gone to collectors, liens, bankruptcies or court judgment.

Direct marketing
Direct marketing differs from general marketing in that the result of a promotion is measurable in terms of response. Direct marketing is also largely dependent upon the use of customer files and lists. Direct marketing is utilized by virtually every type of business and organization. However, the primary users are magazine publishers, catalog houses, political campaign organizations and financial institutions.

A debt that a court declares no longer needs to be repaid due to bankruptcy. Alimony, child support, liability for willful and malicious conduct and certain student loans cannot be discharged.

A credit report provided to the consumer which shows the "nature or substance" of what is in his or her credit records as outlined by the FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act).

When a consumer files for bankruptcy, the judge may decide to not allow the consumer to continue with the bankruptcy. If the judge rules against the petition, all debts are reinstated and the bankruptcy petition is "dismissed".

Disposition fee
A charge by a car dealer to defray the cost of preparing and selling the vehicle at the end of the lease if the vehicle is not purchased by the consumer.

Down payment
Amount paid up front when arranging credit. For leases, a down payment is often called a "capital lost reduction".